Tim Berners-Lee

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Official Biography: Tim Berners-Lee
If the locally-cached data is still current, it will be reused. What was once a rich selection of blogs and websites has been compressed under the powerful weight of a few dominant platforms. The specifications have become de facto standards. In , Berners Lee published a paper called 'Information Management: The two offices which of course may have been rearranged since then were different sizes: If you are updating your address book, please take the time to publish a FOAF page. Among services paid for by advertising, Yahoo!

Use 'World Wide Web (WWW)' in a Sentence

World Wide Web (WWW)

Berners-Lee made his idea available freely, with no patent and no royalties due. The World Wide Web Consortium decided that its standards should be based on royalty-free technology, so that they easily could be adopted by anyone. He told the newspaper that he easily could have designed web addresses without the slashes. In November , Berners-Lee launched the World Wide Web Foundation in order to "advance the Web to empower humanity by launching transformative programs that build local capacity to leverage the Web as a medium for positive change.

Berners-Lee is one of the pioneer voices in favour of net neutrality , [52] and has expressed the view that ISPs should supply "connectivity with no strings attached", and should neither control nor monitor the browsing activities of customers without their expressed consent.

He and 20 other Internet pioneers urged the FCC to cancel a vote on 14 December to uphold net neutrality. Berners-Lee joined the board of advisors of start-up State. Berners-Lee holds the founders chair in Computer Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he heads the Decentralized Information Group and is leading Solid , a joint project with the Qatar Computing Research Institute that aims to radically change the way Web applications work today, resulting in true data ownership as well as improved privacy.

He formed a relationship with Rosemary Leith, a Canadian internet and banking entrepreneur. Management Today described her webzine as it was called then as "the first web site devoted entirely to those women struggling to strike a healthy balance between work and home life". James's Palace in London. Berners-Lee was raised as an Anglican , but in his youth, he turned away from religion.

After he became a parent, he became a Unitarian Universalist UU. Like many people, I came back to religion when we had children". So I do respect them. Berners-Lee has received many awards and honours.

He was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in the New Year Honours "for services to the global development of the internet", and was invested formally on 16 July On 13 June , he was appointed to the Order of Merit OM , an order restricted to 24 living members. In , Berners-Lee was among the British cultural icons selected by artist Sir Peter Blake to appear in a new version of his most famous artwork — the Beatles' Sgt.

Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band album cover — to celebrate the British cultural figures of his life that he most admires to mark his 80th birthday. In , he was awarded the inaugural Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. List of awards and honours received by Tim Berners-Lee. He loosed it on the world. And he more than anyone else has fought to keep it open, nonproprietary and free. Archived from the original on 15 July Retrieved 21 December The exact date is unknown. Creating a Science of the Web". Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Retrieved 25 May The Web Science Research Initiative. Archived from the original on 28 June Retrieved 17 January Retrieved 15 August Archived from the original on 11 June Retrieved 22 August Retrieved 10 November The Web has become criminals' preferred pathway for spreading malware. Cybercrime carried out on the Web can include identity theft, fraud, espionage and intelligence gathering.

The most common of all malware threats is SQL injection attacks against websites. Proposed solutions vary to extremes. A significant advance in Web technology was Sun Microsystems' Java platform. It enables Web pages to embed small programs called applets directly into the view. These applets run on the end-user's computer, providing a richer user interface than simple Web pages. Java client-side applets never gained the popularity that Sun had hoped for a variety of reasons, including lack of integration with other content applets were confined to small boxes within the rendered page and the fact that many computers at the time were supplied to end users without a suitably installed Java Virtual Machine, and so required a download by the user before applets would appear.

Adobe Flash now performs many of the functions that were originally envisioned for Java applets, including the playing of video content, animation, and some rich GUI features.

Java itself has become more widely used as a platform and language for server-side and other programming. JavaScript, on the other hand, is a scripting language that was initially developed for use within Web pages. While its name is similar to Java, JavaScript was developed by Netscape and has very little to do with Java, although the syntax of both languages is derived from the C programming language. In simple cases, all the optional information and actions available on a JavaScript-enhanced Web page will have been downloaded when the page was first delivered.

Ajax "Asynchronous JavaScript and XML" is a group of interrelated web development techniques used for creating interactive web applications that provide a method whereby parts within a Web page may be updated, using new information obtained over the network at a later time in response to user actions. This allows the page to be more responsive, interactive and interesting, without the user having to wait for whole-page reloads.

Ajax is seen as an important aspect of what is being called Web 2. Examples of Ajax techniques currently in use can be seen in Gmail, Google Maps, and other dynamic Web applications. Web page production is available to individuals outside the mass media.

In order to publish a Web page, one does not have to go through a publisher or other media institution, and potential readers could be found in all corners of the globe. Many different kinds of information are available on the Web, and for those who wish to know other societies, cultures, and peoples, it has become easier.

The increased opportunity to publish materials is observable in the countless personal and social networking pages, as well as sites by families, small shops, etc. According to a study, there were massively more than billion documents on the Web, mostly in the invisible Web, or deep Web. A more recent study, which used Web searches in 75 different languages to sample the Web, determined that there were over Frustration over congestion issues in the Internet infrastructure and the high latency that results in slow browsing has led to an alternative, pejorative name for the World Wide Web: Speeding up the Internet is an ongoing discussion over the use of peering and QoS technologies.

Standard guidelines for ideal Web response times are: If a user revisits a Web page after only a short interval, the page data may not need to be re-obtained from the source Web server. Almost all Web browsers cache recently-obtained data, usually on the local hard drive.

HTTP requests sent by a browser will usually only ask for data that has changed since the last download. If the locally-cached data is still current, it will be reused. Caching helps reduce the amount of Web traffic on the Internet. The decision about expiration is made independently for each downloaded file, whether image, stylesheet, JavaScript, HTML, or whatever other content the site may provide.

Timothy John Tim Berners-Lee Londen , 8 juni is samen met zijn toenmalig manager, de Belg Robert Cailliau , de bedenker en grondlegger van het world wide web of wereldwijde web www. Hieraan werkte hij toen hij consultant-software-engineer bij het CERN in Zwitserland was, van juni tot en met december Berners-Lee werd geboren in Londen als zoon van wiskundige ouders die beiden werkzaam waren bij de elektrotechnische onderneming Ferranti.

Hij studeerde van tot natuurkunde aan The Queen's College, onderdeel van de universiteit van Oxford. Midden jaren tachtig kwam Berners-Lee als consultant software-engineer in dienst van het CERN, het Europese laboratorium voor deeltjesfysica. Als software-engineer schreef hij daar het databasesysteem ENQUIRE, waarin hij hypertekst introduceerde — activeerbare hyperlinks om informatie te delen en te updaten tussen de gebruikers. Later werkte hij dit concept verder uit tot het World Wide Web — het combineren van hypertekst met het internet, een gedecentraliseerd netwerk dat in de jaren zestig door het Amerikaanse leger was ontwikkeld.

Op 6 augustus lanceerde hij de allereerste website: In publiceerde hij Weaving the Web [2] , een boek over het ontstaan van het web. Berners-Lee streeft naar een semantisch web , dat wil zeggen, een wereldwijd web waarin informatie inhoudelijk benoemd en ingedeeld is op een voor computers verwerkbare manier.

Hoewel er in de academische wereld veel aandacht voor is, is het nog onduidelijk of het semantisch web eenzelfde succes zal worden als het www.

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From the Magazine “I Was Devastated”: Tim Berners-Lee, the Man Who Created the World Wide Web, Has Some Regrets. The World Wide Web (WWW), also called the Web, is an information space where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Resource Locators (URLs), interlinked by hypertext links, and accessible via the Internet. English scientist Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web in He wrote the first web browser . Here are ten Tim Berners-Lee facts. Tim Berners-Lee made the first communication between an HTTP (Hypertest Transfer Protocol) client and server through the internet in November He invented the World Wide Web. He received a knighthood in from Queen Elizabeth II. He is the director of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) .